(CNN) — When the body comes under attack by flu, dendritic cells rush to the site of infection and identify eskort the alien forms attacking it. Millions raise the alarm and the immune system is fired into action.
It is a reliable and effective response, and what is good enough to protect our health has also proved capable of safeguarding inboxes. Artificial immune systems (AIS) based on the bodys cellular response to disease are being used to target spam.
Its an adaptive system that can be more nuanced in detecting whats dangerous, says Dr. Uwe Aickelin, professor of computer science at the university of Nottingham and leading AIS developer. Millions of pieces of information are gathered so the cells are very accurate.
While the cells in our bodies will respond to signals such as stress and inflammation, Aickelins software analogue picks up on the traffic bombardments associated with spam. While generic filters can cope with conventional phishing, the cellular system is suited to a user facing frequent new threats, and has been employed by leading security companies.

This model represents a potentially transformative shift in the rapidly expanding field of biomimicry. The trend for nature-inspired designs has spread across industries from crab-style deep-sea vessels to insect-inspired buildings, and is projected to generate $1.6 trillion by 2030 according to Da Vinci Index. But now technologies based specifically on cellular designs are making nature itself the driving force.
In addition to computing, cellular biomimicry is making its mark in water filtration, meeting President Nixons historic challenge to make the oceans drinkable, using a membrane present in humans and plants.
Artificial leaf mimics nature
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Meanwhile, photosynthetic processes are being applied to the capture and storage of solar energy, while millions of dollars have been invested in applying the properties of lung cells to building exteriors — the Eskin – to create a layer that allows them to interact efficiently with both people and the environment.
It represents a shift and ultimately where we are heading, Janine Benyus, biologist, author and founder of Biomimcry 3.8 told CNN. We have become very successful in mimicking form, but the real transformational change comes in how we build our material world. Every day we are learning more about molecular machinery in cells and how they work so as to understand and use their design principles is key.
These principles are being applied to some of the most critical resource issues, including fuel through the development of biobatteries. Researchers at the University of Utah have created a battery based on the process of metabolism, using sugar as fuel, catalyzed with the natural energy conversion properties of enzymes.
Natural chemistry is completely different to our heat, beat and treat formula
Janine Benyus, founder of Biomimcry 3.8
If you see a small child consume sugar they convert it to run around all day, so its very efficient and we take the same pathways to apply to the battery, says lead developer Shelley Minteer, who claims the design has favorable performance qualities.
The biobattery can already operate devices such as smartphones, and may prove more versatile than traditional batteries as it can function in extremely low temperatures. The technology is proved to the extent that offshoot company Akermin has received a $3 million grant to use the technology in one of the US largest carbon cleaning operations in power plants.
The combination of living process and synthetic materials is rarely seamless, Minteer admits.
We should not simply assume that systems working at nanoscales can easily be translated to large scales.
Skylar Tibbits, MIT self-assembly lab
Yet advances in the technology of modeling are now allowing greater control and accuracy. Scientists can sculpt the synthesized cells at nano scale into ever more efficient arrangements, getting closer to the natural design. Visualization tools are being driven by creative fields, notably architecture, while manufacturing is improving rapidly through 3D printing.
There are skeptics that believe natural processes are being too readily applied. Natural systems evolved for very specific reasons, over millions of years, with very specific parameters, scale-lengths, forces, and the process of translating these phenomena to other scales, function and human desires does not come naturally or directly., Skylar Tibbits, lead researcher at MITs self-assembly lab, argued in a 2013 TED talk. We should not simply assume that systems working at nanoscales can easily be translated to large scales.
Critics have also warned of Jurassic Park unpredictable and unwanted side effects when natural process are transplanted into technology. Such effects have been noted in Uwe Ackeleins anti-spam program, where the target adapts the defense as well as vice versa.
But these risks pale compared to the potential benefits, exponents believe. Using the processes of nature can deliver designs uniquely adaptive to the environment, with better function and resource management, that can transform industries to deliver solutions to the most critical questions of the age.
Read more from Make, Create, Innovate:
Forget wearable tech, embeddable implants are already here
This Star Trek-style molecular sensor fits in your hand, reads your food
Miracle material graphene one step closer to commercial use

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(CNN)We are like one grain of sand against a whole escort bayan beach. Eibar fan Unai Eraso.
SD Eibar has already climbed one mountain this summer in being admitted to Spains top football tier, but its next task is even more daunting — trying to compete in the same division as European champion Real Madrid.
Not only can Real lavish a sum four times Eibars annual budget on just one player, its Bernabeu stadium could hold the entire population of the tiny Basque town and still have 58,454 seats empty.
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Eibar will be the smallest team ever to compete in La Liga and had to raise $2.3 million in capital just to take its place at the top table of Spanish football.
Its president Alex Aranzaba believes the greatest achievement in Eibars history would be to survive on such an uneven playing field.
There are several reasons why Real Madrid and Barcelona are so far ahead in terms of finance, Aranzabal told CNN.
Both clubs have many connections around the world and dont earn money by just selling tickets — they have big merchandising campaign.
Theres also the huge television deals which they both have. Its impossible to compete with them, not just for Eibar which is the smallest team, but even for bigger clubs like Sevilla, Valencia and Athletic Bilbao.
That Eibar will go head-to-head with the likes of Real Madird and Barca l is something of a sporting miracle.
After gaining promotion to Spains second tier, the club promptly won the title for the first in its history.
But a debut season rubbing shoulders with the likes of Barcelona, Real Madrid and champions Atletico was immediately under threat, due to a 1999 law passed down by the Spanish authorities.
It insists each team must have a capital equal to 25% of the average expenses of all sides in the second division, excluding the two clubs with the biggest outgoings and the two with the smallest.
The law is designed to ensure all clubs can attend to its debts, despite La Ligas leading lights — Real Madrid and Barca — being in the red to an estimated combined total close to €1 billion ($1.36 billion).
Eibar, on the other hand, are self-sustaining and completely debt free; even La Ligas president has referred to them as a model club.
And yet, failure to raise the required €1.7 million ($2.3 million) would result in demotion back to the obscurity of Spains third tier.
But football loves an underdog and when Eibar threw themselves at the mercy of fans by launching a share issue scheme, thousands stepped forward to help.
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The cash was raised a full three weeks before Eibars deadline, leaving Aranzabal and others at the club dumbfounded at the pledges of support.
For a small city and a small club to receive such support from across the world is something that makes me very proud — it feels like were part of a family, said Aranzabal.
At the beginning there were some doubts wed raise the money, but later we realized we had a story to tell and that we could reach our target with hard work.
Around 36% of our shareholders are from Eibar but because of the online marketing campaign we have shareholders from 50 different countries across the world.
We had people buying shares from the United Kingdom, China, Japan, Germany, France, Mexico, Colombia. We had people coming to us from all over Asia and across the world.
It really has been incredible.
With the financial hurdles overcome, Eibars fans can now dream of the footballing treats that lie ahead.
Barcelona and Real Madrid will visit Eibars titchy Ipurua stadium (capacity 5,900) in due course, but first up are neighbors Real Sociedad for a Basque derby on Sunday.
This club was founded in 1940 after the troubles of the Civil War, added Aranzabal, referring to the conflict that tore Spain apart.
This is the first time in 74 years and this is a dream. Now we have to maintain the dream in La Liga. Were sure that were going to be competitive and fight until the last minute of the season to avoid relegation.
IndyCar drivers Tony Kanaan, right, and Juan Pablo Montoya, left, celebrate with Will Power after Power won at the Milwaukee Mile racetrack Sunday, August 17, in West Allis, Wisconsin. Kanaan and Montoya hit Power with cream puffs — a popular staple of the Wisconsin State Fair.
Jermart Brady is thrown from ostrich Rosie Na-Ostrich during exotic animal racing Saturday, August 16, at the Fair Grounds Race Course in New Orleans. Zebras raced there earlier in the day.
Adam Paradowski, a referee of the Canadian Football League, gets knocked over Sunday, August 17, during a game in Toronto between the Toronto Argonauts and the BC Lions.
Philadelphia pitcher Mone Davis delivers a pitch Friday, August 15, at the Little League World Series in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. The 13-year-old became the first girl to ever throw a shutout in the Little League World Series.
Frances Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad leaps over the final barrier on his way to winning the 3,000-meter steeplechase final Thursday, August 14, at the European Athletics Championships in Zurich, Switzerland. But he was later disqualified for his shirtless celebration in the last stretch of the race.
Linda Cerruti of Italy performs a synchronized swimming routine Wednesday, August 13, during the European Swimming Championships in Berlin.
Stewards restrain a man who ran onto the field Saturday, August 16, during the Premier League soccer match between Tottenham and West Ham in London.
Sheep race in the streets of Moffat, Scotland, during the third annual Moffat Sheep Races on Sunday, August 17. Woolen jockeys are placed on the sheep for the race, which celebrates the towns wool industry.
Samantha Stosur hits a serve Wednesday, August 13, in her match against Serena Williams at the Western & Southern Open in Cincinnati.
Eric Dier, right, celebrates with Tottenham teammate Harry Kane after scoring a late goal to defeat West Ham 1-0 in London. It was the Premier League opener for both clubs.
Australias Calvin Eissens, top, leaps in the air to avoid a slide from Marek Krejcirik of the Czech Republic during a Little League World Series game Saturday, August 16, in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Australia won the game 10-1 to advance in the tournaments international bracket.
Spillway enjoys a roll in the sand after a training session Thursday, August 14, at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne.
Scott Barrett of Canterbury has his shirt tugged by an Auckland player Saturday, August 16, during the first round of the ITM Cup, a rugby competition in New Zealand. Canterbury won the ITM Cup last season.
Gregory Polanco of the Pittsburgh Pirates makes a leaping catch Friday, August 15, in Washington.
Synchronized swimmers from Belarus are seen underwater during their routine Wednesday, August 13, at the European Swimming Championships in Berlin.
Drag racer Monte Green, left, crashes during a race Sunday, August 17, at the Lucas Oil Nationals in Brainerd, Minnesota. Don Kritzky, right, would crash separately just a few moments later. Green was treated at the scene and released, but Kritzky had to be airlifted to a hospital, according to the Brainerd Dispatch newspaper.
Cooly the mascot performs a high jump Thursday, August 14, at the European Athletics Championships in Zurich, Switzerland.
Philadelphia Eagles running back Henry Josey scores a touchdown in an NFL preseason game against the New England Patriots on Friday, August 15, in Foxborough, Massachusetts.
Grass flies in the air as golfer Simon Dyson hits a shot Friday, August 15, during the European Tour event in Aalborg, Denmark.
New York Mets third baseman David Wright fields a ball during a home game against Washington on Wednesday, August 13.
Team SCA competes Tuesday, August 12, in the Round Britain and Ireland Race, a sailing competition that spans 1,800 miles around the British Isles. With a time of 4 days, 21 hours and 39 seconds, the team says it broke the record for an all-female crew on a monohull.
Ukraines Anna Voloshyna is seen underwater as she competes in the solo synchronized swimming competition Sunday, August 17, at the European Swimming Championships in Berlin. She won the bronze medal in the event.
Mo Farah of Great Britain dances after winning the gold medal in the 10,000 meters Wednesday, August 13, at the European Athletics Championships in Zurich, Switzerland.
Erick Aybar of the Los Angeles Angels beats the throw to first base as Texas first baseman J.P. Arencibia reaches for the catch Sunday, August 17, in Arlington, Texas.
Jockey Sebastiano Murtas, left, crashes during the Palio di Siena horse race Saturday, August 16, in Siena, Italy. Twice a year, 10 riders — each representing one of Sienas city wards — compete in the bareback race around Sienas shell-shaped central square.
Andreas Stjernen of Norway takes first place in the FIS Ski Jumping Grand Prix held Friday, August 15, in Courchevel, France.
NASCAR driver Jeff Gordon celebrates with his crew after winning the Sprint Cup race at Michigan International Speedway on Sunday, August 17. It was his third victory of the year.
Philadelphias Jack Rice is tagged out at home by Pearland, Texas, pitcher Clayton Broeder during a Little League World Series game Sunday, August 17, in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia advanced to the third round of the U.S. bracket with a 7-6 victory.
Moto3 rider Enea Bastianini crashes during practice Friday, August 15, in Brno, Czech Republic. He went on to finish second in the actual race.
Frances Renaud Lavillenie competes in pole vault qualifying Thursday, August 14, at the European Athletics Championships in Zurich, Switzerland. He would go on to win gold in the event.
Chinese swimmer Li Guangyuan competes in the mens 100-meter backstroke Saturday, August 18, at the Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing, China. He finished third in the final.
Fabrizio Schembri of Italy competes in the triple jump final Thursday, August 14, at the European Athletics Championships in Zurich, Switzerland.
Argentinas Juan Martin, right, tackles South African captain Jean de Villiers during their Rugby Championship match Saturday, August 16, in Pretoria, South Africa. South Africa won 13-6 in what was the opening match for both teams.
Carolina Jaramillo of Mexico falls to the field Wednesday, August 13, after missing a chance to score against South Korea during the U-20 Womens World Cup in Canada. South Korea won 2-1 to advance out of the group stage and eliminate Mexico.
Turkish sprinter Meliz Redif competes in the womens 4×400-meter relay Saturday, August 16, at the European Athletics Championships in Zurich, Switzerland.
Spencer Watt, who plays for the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League, celebrates a fourth-quarter touchdown Tuesday, August 12, during a home game against the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. The Argonauts won 38-21.
The Bryan brothers, Bob and Mike, bump chests Thursday, August 14, after defeating the doubles team of Eric Butorac and Raven Klaasen at the Western & Southern Open in Cincinnati. The Bryans would go on to win the doubles final several days later.
People take part in the annual Concrete Hero obstacle race to raise money for cancer research Sunday, August 17, in Vancouver, British Columbia. More than $550,000 has been raised through the race in the past two years.
Uzbek weightlifter Adkhamjon Ergashev competes Sunday, August 17, at the Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing, China. He won bronze in his weight category.
Stoke Citys Phil Bardsley, right, challenges Aston Villas Ashley Westwood during their Premier League match Saturday, August 16, in Stoke-on-Trent, England. Aston Villa won 1-0. See 30 amazing sports photos from last week
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Star player Wayne Rooney sports the new Chevrolet branded strip but defeat in Uniteds EPL opener against Swansea left a bitter taste.
Louis van Gaals first competitive match in charge of Manchester United ended with a disappointing 2-1 home defeat by Swansea.
Former United star Andy Cole (left) was on hand to announce a local commercial tie up with Japanese food company Kagome.
Former Man Utd manager Alex Ferguson was all smiles as a deal was announced in 2010 for Epson to become the official office equipment partner for the EPL giants.
Manchester United agreed a $64 million training kit sponsorship deal with DHL in 2010, but ended it two years later, paying the money back, because it was able to negotiate a bigger deal with AON.
David Moyes lost his job at Manchester United after a sorry season which saw them finish outside the Champions League places and fail to lift a trophy aside from the FA Community Shield.
Avram Glazer, United co-chairman, has overseen a massive increase in the clubs commercial activity since his family took control at Old Trafford in 2005.
Ahead of the sponsorship game
Swansea setback
Big in Japan
Old Trafford Office
Kit deals
Sorry season
Commercial activity
Man Utd tops sponsorship league
Luis Suarez has completed his first training session with his Barcelona teammates. The Uruguayan lost his appeal to have his four-month biting ban reduced by the Court of Arbitration for Sport on Thursday but the restriction on him training with his new teammates was lifted. The former Liverpool player, seen here with Andreas Iniesta, cannot play competitive football for Barcelona until the end of October.
Suarez was in good spirits during the Friday training session at Barcelonas training ground and will be feeling flush too thanks to a reported $330,000 per week, five-year deal he has signed with the Spanish football giant.
Suarez scored 31 goals for Liverpool last season and theres every chance hell continue that form at Barcelona. The 27-year-old netted 69 times in a total of 110 games for the English club, and before that 81 for Dutch side Ajax in the same number of appearances. His international career has been equally successful, with 40 goals from 78 matches.
Suarez will officially be presented to the Barcelona faithful at a traditional media photo session at Camp Nou on Tuesday August 19.
Suarez is likely to kick up a storm in Spain but it remains to be seen if it is for his incredible footballing skill or for his seemingly unending appetite for controversy.
New teammates
In the pink
Can Suarez reign in Spain?
New boy at the Nou Camp
Kicking up a storm
Suarez steps out for first Barca session
This club is used to facing challenges.
Unai Eraso has been a supporters of Eibar all his life and is in no doubt the last year qualifies as a bona fide sporting miracle.
You cant even compare Eibar with Barcelona or Real Madrid, said Eraso. The population of Eibar is 27,000 people, against Real Madrid in a city of more than 3.5 million people.
Everyone is bigger in terms of budget, population, stadium, players but our story is going to be a good one for football as a whole.
It will be tough on the pitch but Im really confident because we have no pressure on us. This year is a like a present to all the supporters of Eibar.
Nobodys going to whistle or shout against the team or the players. We are Eibar — we know who we are.
Like Aranzabal, Eraso believes Spanish football needs to redistribute its wealth better.
Though Eibar raised the cash it needed to lift its head above the financial bar imposed by the league, its still dwarfed by almost all its fellow La Liga clubs.
Eibars budget for the season is around the same as Barcelona star Lionel Messi will earn in wages over the same period.
Thats partly because Spanish clubs are allowed to sell its television rights independently, meaning the likes of Real Madrid and Barcelona could command four times the amount that Eibar can muster.
It is not fair at all, Eraso said. Not only in how the TV money is shared among the teams but also the huge amount of money some clubs owe. Eibar has no debt at all.
These guys are free to buy a lot of players with the money they get from TV and it makes for a paralyzed league where the top two or three teams have 80% of the resources and the rest have peanuts.
In Spain it is a nonsense to say someone outside of Real Madrid, Atletico or Barcelona will win the league. There is no fourth candidate.
Eibar isnt concerned with the title race though — its battle is to finish fourth from bottom and avoid relegation.
Eraso is convinced they can do it, if they harness the intimidating surrounds of Ipurua, and call on the famed togetherness in the town.
The spirit is the most important thing that will help us overcome all the challenges we will have this year, he said.
We have overcome a lot of crises in the town and reinvented ourselves. We now have to adapt to what is coming this year.
Were going to have the lowest budget with no big names in our team but we will make it with the players and all of us pushing in the same direction — this is in our spirit.
Read: Suarez unveiled by Barca
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Archaeologists are hopeful that an ancient mound in northern Greece could hold the untouched remains of an important senior official eskort from the time of Alexander the Great.Excavations at the ‘incredibly important’ tomb have revealed a pair of sphinxes guarding the graves entrance.
The two sculptures were found under an arch at the Kasta Tumulus site near ancient Amphipolis in Macedonia, ankara escort bayan Greece.At 1,935ft (590m) wide, it is the largest burial of its kind ever discovered in Greece.
Scroll down for video
Archaeologists are hopeful that an ancient mound in northern Greece could hold the remains of a senior official from the time of Alexander the Great. And now their suspicions the tomb is incredibly important have been strengthened by the discovery that its entrance is guarded by a pair of sphinxes (pictured)
Greece’s Culture Ministry said that most of the earth around the mythical creatures has now been removed to reveal part of a marble lintel with frescoes.
Chief archaeologist Katerina Peristeri, believes that the monument being uncovered is a unique tomb, not just for Greece but for the entire Balkanic peninsula, and described it as being of ‘global interest’. 
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Prime Minister Antonis Samaras, who visited the tightly-guarded site two weeks ago, said the discovery ‘is clearly extremely important’ and dates between 325 and 300 B.C.
Alexander, who started from the northern Greek region of Macedonia to build an empire stretching as far as India, died in 323 B.C. and was buried in Egypt.
excavating an ancient mound in northern Greece (picutred) have
uncovered what appears to be the entrance to an important tomb. It is
believed to have been built at the end of the reign of warrior-king
Alexander the Great and Prime Minister Antonis Samaras described the
discovery as extremely important’ WHO WAS ALEXANDER THE GREAT?
Alexander (statue pictured) was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia in July 356 BC, and died of a fever in Babylon in June 323 BCAlexander III of Macedon was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia in July 356 BC.He died of a fever in Babylon in June 323 BC.Alexander led an army across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt claiming the land as he went.His greatest victory was at the Battle of Gaugamela, now northern Iraq, in 331 BC, and during his trek across these Persian territories, he was said to never have suffered a defeat.This led him to be known as Alexander the Great. Following this battle in Gaugamela, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles (17,700km), founded over 70 cities and created an empire that stretched across three continents.This covered from Greece in the west, to Egypt in the south, Danube in the north, and Indian Punjab to the East.  Alexander was buried in Egypt.His fellow royals were traditionally interred in a cemetery near Vergina, far to the west. The lavishly-furnished tomb of Alexanders father, Philip II, was discovered during the 1970s.  His fellow royals were traditionally interred in a cemetery near Vergina, to the west, where the lavishly-furnished tomb of Alexanders father, Philip II, was discovered during the 1970s.
But archaeologists believe the Amphipolis grave, which is surrounded by a surprisingly long and well-built wall with courses of marble decorations, may have belonged to a senior ancient official.
Dr Peristeri has argued the mound was originally topped by a large stone lion that was unearthed a century ago, and is now situated around 3 miles (5km) from the excavation site.
Geophysical teams have identified there are three main rooms within the huge circular structure, news.com.au reported.
In the past, the lion has been associated with Laomedon of Mytilene, one of Alexanders military commanders who became governor of Syria after the kings death.
Greeces culture ministry said that most of the earth around the sphinx statues has now been removed to reveal part of a marble lintel with frescoes (pictured)

Ethel Cofie (@MissEDCofie tech is a perfect arena for young women to hone their leadership skills #WTechAfrica #wiredwomen— debbyedelstein (@debbyedelstein) evden eve nakliyat August 2, 2014
@MissEDCofie @debbyedelstein Totally, Any woman can be a leader in this industry! #hardwork, #supportteam, #nevergiveupattitude— Barbara Birungi (@BarbsBirungi) August 2, 2014
Let's dare to dream. Let's dare to inspire each other. Let's dare to change our worlds. @MissEDCofie @wituganda @enyok #WTechAfrica— Lynn Kirabo (@therisingpage) August 2, 2014
@MissEDCofie @debbyedelstein absolutely! feminine leadership style is different and we need more of it in the working world. #WTechAfrica— Enyo Kumahor (@enyok) August 2, 2014
Alright Ladies , today i am inspired the women in tech in Africa came together despite tool fails to share and collaborate #WTechAfrica— ethelcofie (@MissEDCofie) August 2, 2014
Looking back into history and comparing it to today we know technology is not just a mans world. It is imperative that African women take advantage of this to provide a sustainable environment that would encourage and promote technology amongst women. So of course we will run the event again, this time with the lessons we learned and maybe strong sponsorships to help us succeed.
Read this: 5 reasons tech world needs more geek girls
The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Ethel Cofie.

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The International Cricket Council has decided not to appeal against the ruling that saw England seamer James Anderson found not escort bayan guilty of breaching its code of conduct.Anderson was last week cleared of any wrong-doing by judicial commissioner Gordon Lewis relating escort bayan to having been accused by India of pushing and abusing their all-rounder Ravindra Jadeja in the Trent Bridge pavilion during the first Investec Test.Only the ICC, via chief executive Dave Richardson, could challenge that verdict – as well as the one that cleared Jadeja of a lesser charge – but after announcing on Tuesday that it would consider the verdict, the governing body has decided not to push the case further.VIDEO Scroll down to watch Jadeja and Anderson cleared of wrong-doing
Flash point: Ravi Jadeja (left) and Jimmy Anderson (right) leave the field for lunch during the Trent Bridge Test
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Children who play video games for less than an hour a day are better adjusted than those who have never bayan escort used them or play them to excess. 
Researchers found that young people who indulged in a short spell of gaming were very sociable and were most likely to say they were satisfied with their lives.In contrast, those who spent more than half their free time playing electronic games were less well-adjusted, the University of Oxford scientists found.

Better adjusted: Researchers found that young people who indulged in a little video game playing (illustrated with a stock image) were very sociable and were also most likely to say they were satisfied with their lives
The study, published today in the journal Pediatrics, found that three in four British children and teenagers play video games on a daily basis.
Those who play for less than an hour a day – less than one third of their daily free time – also appeared to have fewer friendship and emotional problems.They also reported less hyperactivity than the other groups. KEY FINDINGS OF THE STUDYResearchers found that young people who indulged in short spells of video game playing were very sociable.
who played for less than an hour a day were also most likely to say
they were satisfied with their lives, compared to those who have not
played the games.
They also appeared to have fewer friendship and emotional problems and reported less hyperactivity than the other groups.
Young people who spent more than half their daily free time playing electronic games were less well-adjusted.Experts found that video games had no positive
or negative effects for young people who played ‘moderately’ – i.e. between one and three hours a day. 
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The research is thought to be the first to examine both the positive and negative effects of gaming using a representative sample of children and teenagers.
It involved nearly 5,000 young people – half male and half female – drawn from a nationally representative study of UK households.The participants, aged from 10
to 15, were asked how much time they typically spent on console-based or
computer-based games such as the Nintendo Wii or Sony PlayStation.
The same group also answered questions
about how satisfied they were with their lives, their levels of
hyperactivity and inattention, empathy, and how they got on with their
peers.The findings show that the influence of
video games on children – whether for good or bad – is very small when
compared with more enduring factors, such as whether the child is from a
functioning family, their school relationships and whether they are
materially deprived.
Sociable: Those who played video games for less than an hour a day – which made up less than one third of their daily free time – appeared to have fewer friendship and emotional problems (stock image)
‘These results support recent laboratory-based experiments that have identified the downsides to playing electronic games, said the studys author, Dr Andrew Przybylski, of the Oxford Internet Institute.
‘However, high levels of video game-playing appear to be only weakly linked to childrens behavioural problems in the real world.
Likewise, the small, positive effects we observed for low levels of play on electronic games do not support the idea that video games on their own can help children develop in an increasingly digital world.
‘Some of the positive effects identified in past gaming research were mirrored in these data but the effects were quite small, suggesting that any benefits may be limited to a narrow range of action games.

A luxurious French island costs less to rent than a three-bedroom London flat.
A three-bedroom London flat in Knightsbridge costs £5,500 escort bayan a week to rent – more than £1,000 per week more than a 25-acre island on a stunning French river.
The escort bayan incredible isolated island on the River Seine near Paris, France, is up for rent for under £5K a week – escort bayan and comes complete with a villa nearly twice the size of the city pad.

Classy: A three-bedroom flat in Knightsbridge escort bayan costs £5,500 to rent a week…
…but for £1,000 less you can your own French island
The beautiful island of Chantemesle is a small paradise of approximately 25 acres and contains a charming villa built in the local style.
The island, 30 miles northwest of Paris, is set between the villages of Vétheuil and La Roche-Guyon and can be rented exclusively through Vladi Private Islands.The main island house has a luxurious living room with a large fireplace, a dining room, a fully equipped kitchen, a cloakroom and a Victorian veranda.
Sizeable: The master bedroom in the Knightsbridge flat is modern and fresh
Colourful: Whereas the French bedroom has its own, acquired taste
Clean: The flats kitchen is sharp and modern, and grants enough room to enjoy your cooking
Clear view: The French houses winter garden offers one to unwind
The total living space is over 400 square metres and the property has five bedrooms and four bathrooms – which have been newly renovated, inside and out.
The London apartment is located on the second floor of a new development near Harrods.
Named Lancelot Place, the flat is on the market with Chestertons Lettings and is one of their most luxurious London lettings.
The 2766 square feet apartment features wood flooring and gas fireplace in the reception room, air conditioning, audio system and well proportioned rooms.
Picture this: The French house is set in beautiful greenery
Nice and quiet: You are sure to have some privacy in this French delicacy
High class: But you cant deny the London flat has its own classical style

Book your travel
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Editors note: Leading Women connects you to extraordinary women of our time. Each month, we meet two women at the escort top of their field, exploring their careers, lives and ideas.
(CNN) — A lone blonde woman, wrapped in nothing but a sarong, leads four camels and a little dog across one of the most uninhabitable environments on Earth.
Startlingly beautiful, with skin roasted a deep chestnut from the desert sun, the petite 26-year-old in flimsy leather sandals appears the unlikeliest adventurer for escort bayan a nine-month expedition across the Australian outback.
Appearances can be deceiving.
 Click to expand
Click to expand
In 1977, Robyn Davidson trekked 2,700 kilometers from Alice Springs to the Indian Ocean, armed with little more than a map and a rifle, in a landscape which had destroyed many a hardened explorer before her.
Adventurers are often asked why they push themselves to the human bodys limits.
Its only in hindsight that theres any psychologizing of it, Davidson tells me in between bites of her croissant, at a trendy inner-city London café on a humid spring morning.
At the time it just seemed like a perfectly sensible, good thing to do. Above all else, it was pleasurable.
And in an age of instant communication, where you are never far from a text message, tweet or Facebook post, perhaps Davidson has a lesson for us all.
I disappeared but Ive never felt so alive, she says in her soft Australian accent.
Making Tracks
Its no coincidence these punishing red plains are nicknamed the countrys dead heart. A place where temperatures can exceed a scorching 120F and the nearest town is often hundreds of kilometers away.
The Aboriginals called Davidson the desert woman, and her epic journey caught the attention of National Geographic photographer Rick Smolan — who became both her documenter and lover.
His intimate images of the intrepid young woman — tenderly feeding her camels, or swimming in a rare watering hole — helped make it one of the most popular photo essays in the magazines history.
Australian actress Mia Wasikowska plays desert woman Robyn Davidson in the outback odyssey Tracks.EOne Films UK
It plunged the girl who grew up on a cattle station in remote Queensland into the international spotlight — her outback odyssey became the toast of New York.
Davidsons book detailing the marathon mission, called Tracks, has since sold over one million copies, bringing to life the beauty and brutality of a landscape mysterious to many outside Australia — and indeed to the majority of people living in the countrys coastal cities.
The book has now been turned into a feature film, with actor Mia Wasikowska possessing an unnerving resemblance to the real-life desert woman.
A literary life
Wearing a crisp white shirt, Davidsons broad face remains unmarked by a lifetime in the sun.
At 63-years-old, she is still as quietly striking as those images of a fair-haired girl on camel-back staring fiercely into the camera three decades ago.
How do you follow an expedition of such epic proportions? In her late 20s, Davidson moved to a shoe factory in Londons East End, of all places.
For me it was more of a merging into, entering into, becoming part of
Robyn Davidson
She fell in with a literary circle that included housemate and celebrated author Doris Lessing, and boyfriend-of-three-years Salman Rushdie.
A nomad at heart, Davidson lived across the world, shifting like the sands of her impressive landscapes.
Now shes back in the UK capital to write her memoirs — about as far away as you can get from her extreme pilgrimages, including two years traveling with nomads in north-west India in the 1990s.
Pleasure and pain
Why not? has become Davidsons enduring response to why she ventured into Australias great unknown in the 1970s an era before.
Where other people might see a vast expanse of arid nothingness, Davidson saw the desert as a limitless garden, a place teeming with life.
It was a desert she traversed without GPS trackers and high-tech camping kit.
Learning bush skills from the aboriginal communities she met along the way, Davidson ate witchetty grubs — which to the easily-queasy might resemble enormous maggots.
She quickly learned not to trust her maps in this unchartered landscape, and instead followed animal tracks towards water.
Not bad for the girl who police initially wouldnt register a rifle to, because they thought theyd have to go chasing after her when she got lost.
Real-life romance
Even Smolan — the 27-year-old photographer who spent three months with Davidson at intermittent points throughout the journey — was convinced that each time he looked back at her in his rear view mirror, it would be the last.
There were herds of wilds animals, crazy people out there, he says over the phone, the sound of traffic blaring in the background of his native New York.
Adam Driver plays National Geographic photographer Rick Smolan in the feature film.EOne Films UK
Her camels could have thrown her, she could have broken a leg, she could have gotten lost. Its the kind of place where if you take the wrong road, after three weeks you come to a fence and find youre out of water.
Much is made in the film of the pairs romantic coupling, but in the searing heat it was a relationship tempered by more complex emotions — some still raw for Smolan.
I was resistant to Rick because I felt Id sold out to National Geographic, says Davidson, who never intended to write about her personal pilgrimage at all.
Hes a sweetie, but hopeless in the desert. But when you are forced to deal with somebody, you either kill them or you learn tolerance. And were still very good friends so… I think it forged a very deep friendship actually.
She had no idea how beautiful she was
Rick Smolan
Smolan has a different take: It was much more of a romance — at least on my side — then it was in the movie.
I was pretty smitten and you can see that in the photographs, he says of the intense and fascinating woman who didnt want me there.
She had no idea how beautiful she was. Several times I developed my pictures and brought them out to show her, thinking I could win her over — because most women like it when you show them how beautiful they are. And I remember being really stunned that the more beautiful my pictures where of her, the more she hated them.
She just said: Im not some god dammed model out here.
Four-legged family
Was Davidsons real adoration for her faithful dog Diggity and four camels, a type of ramshackle circus family inching across the desert together?
The love story of the movie is much more between her and the dog, than her and me, says Smolan, chuckling good-naturedly. This little dog was like her protector. If there were snakes, if there were intruders… Diggity had her back.
The actors share an uncanny resemblance with the real-life Smolan and Davidson.EOne Films UK
But why camels? Theyre the perfect form of transport, explains Davidson matter-of-factly in her book. One sees little by car, and horses would never survive the hardships of desert crossings.
This was not about conquering nature, she says, bristling at the suggestion. Instead, Davidson wanted to meld into the environment, her skin slowly turning the same reddish brown as the ancient lands she walked.
Maybe for men its a longing to conquer something. They conquer the mountain, they conquer something in themselves. I never felt that way. For me it was more of a merging into, entering into, becoming part of.
Tough love
At the time it just seemed like a perfectly sensible, good thing to do
Robyn Davidson
Shed see other travelers hurtling through the desert in a four-wheel drive, with two-wave radios, and iceboxes, and think — why bother?
My procedure across that desert was about getting rid of stuff — both physically and metaphorically.
Did that include the memory of her mothers suicide when she was 11-years-old, as suggested in the film?
Davidson sighs, and you get the feeling its a diagnosis shes heard many times before.
It kind of seems to say that for a woman to have done anything extraordinary, she has to be a bit strange, or have something to work out, or there has to be some sort of dark thing in her past.
I dont think my mothers death had much to do with it at all, frankly.
Myth and memory
These days, where even NASA astronauts can tweet every step of their missions to millions across the world, Davidsons slow and deeply personal journey feels all the more rare — and mysterious.
Its a tale with mythical elements, she says, her gray eyes revealing the only hint of sun damage on her serene face.
If you think of all the enduring stories in the world, theyre of journeys. Whether its Don Quixote or Ulysses, theres always this sense of a quest — of a person going away to be tested, and coming back.
How lucky we are she did.
Inspire: Nat Geo female photojournalists perfect shot
Read: Forgotten war photographer you should know
Quiz: Women writers who turned pages of history

Every week, African Start-Up follows entrepreneurs in various countries across the continent to see how they are working to make escort bayan their business dreams become reality.
(CNN) — Its a bright May morning and the purple-shirted army of tricycle drivers is on bayan escort the streets of Lagos once again. Eyes trained ahead, they zip past traffic on their specially-modified vehicles, dipping in and bursa escort out of the Nigerian megacitys slums.
This is the mobile division of Wecyclers, an innovative enterprise using an incentive-based program to escort help solve Lagoss acute waste management problem.
Every week, the companys cyclists peddle from door to door in low-income neighborhoods to pick up recyclable trash from registered households. Items like plastic bottles, aluminum cans and plastic sachets are all weighed and logged on site, and from there are taken to a specific sorting area where theyre bagged in order to be sold to recycling factories.
In return, participating households receive points via SMS. These can eventually be exchanged for rewards, mainly donated items ranging from bowls and blenders to food products and mobile phone air time.
Every three months they have opportunity to redeem the points for something, says Weclycers chief executive Bilikiss Adebiyi-Abiola. So we give them really small gifts that just motivate them and encourage them to recycle.
Stats by Lagos Waste Management AuthorityINEZ TORRE/CNN
Lagos, a sprawling megacity of more than 18 million people, generates a massive 10,000 metric tons of waste daily, according to the citys waste management authority. Only 40% of it is believed to be formally collected, leaving large quantities of rubbish blocking gutters and piling up on streets and outside houses — a major health and environmental hazard.
Entrepreneur makes money from trash
Low income communities are the ones that are more affected, says Adebiyi-Abiola. (People) end up living in their waste, so we basically saw that there was a really big need to provide collection services for people that are living in the low-income areas.
Born and bred in Lagos, Adebiyi-Abiola went to the United States at the age of 17. There, she trained and worked as a computer scientist, before enrolling to MIT for a masters in business administration. It was during that time, while working on a study project focused on the problems faced by people in low-income areas, when she came up with the idea to launch a company offering waste collection and recycling services in her hometown.
I really love Lagos and I wanted to do something that would give back to it, says Adebiyi-Abiola. For me, the environment is really where it all starts, she adds. When you have a clean environment then you have health, when you have health then you can start thinking about money, jobs and things like that.
Stats by Lagos Waste Management AuthorityINEZ TORRE/CNN
Set up just a year and a half ago, Wecyclers has grown today to have some 5,000 households subscribed to its service. The startup has so far collected nearly 300 tons of waste, using a fleet of 16 low-cost cargo bicycles that are creatively designed to transport large cloth sacks of trash.
I want to show the whole world that this is something that can succeed.
Bilikiss Adebiyi-Abiola, Wecyclers CEO
In regards to recycling as a business, however, there are still many challenges faced by Wecyclers, which is yet to make a profit.
We hope that as we grow and add value to the material we sell, then we hope to see profits come in, says Adebiyi-Abiola, who employs 31 people.
Despite the problems, the entrepreneur has big plans for the future. She says shes determined to keep on working to expand the service across Lagos and beyond and ultimately help to change peoples attitudes toward waste.
I want to show the whole world that this is something that can succeed, says Adebiyi-Abiola. That we can create a low-cost way of solving the Nigerian problems, the Lagos problems, here, with Lagos solutions, she adds.
To show that we can have ingenuity and innovation here and almost create a movement around waste and make people realize the importance of recycling and the environment — Im already seeing that but I want to see it on a really big scale all across Nigeria.

Nominations for 2014 CNN Heroes are being accepted online through August 31, 2014.
(CNN) — Theyre your neighbors, your friends, your escort bayan colleagues, your parents.
They are CNN Heroes, each of whom shows how one person can truly make a difference.
Again this year, escort CNN encourages you to tell us about these everyday people changing the world — by nominating them at CNNHeroes.com. Taking bayan escort a few minutes to share their story with us could propel them to worldwide recognition.
Maybe someones selflessness has directly impacted bayan escort ankara your life.
Destiny Bush nominated her mentor and second mother, Tawanda Jones, whose drill team provides discipline and inspiration to thousands of children in the violent city of Camden, New Jersey.
It was important for the world to see this wonderful individual who commits herself effortlessly — her heart, her body, her soul — to our youth, said Bush, now a graduate student.
Or maybe you know an individual in your community whose personal story and dedication inspires you.
Denada Jacksons mom used to style Robin Emmons hair. When Jackson bumped into Emmons years later, she learned about Emmons efforts to help low-income neighborhoods access healthy, fresh food.
It just seemed right that I would nominate her, because Ive never seen anyone that happy about helping other people, Jackson said. Shes making it happen for others in her community. Just to watch her be honored for that, to get a thank you, that was awesome.
But you dont have to personally know the individual you nominate. Just be familiar with their work.
Johanna Robinette, for example, lives in the same small town as Dale Beatty, who helps build and modify homes for injured veterans. Robinette had heard about Beattys organization, and she saw nominating him as a way to help draw attention to his efforts.
To be able to take that time to do that, I was thankful that I did and thankful that (he was) honored in that way, Robinette said. It felt great to be a part of that.
Its easy to nominate an everyday person changing the world, but a thoughtful, well-written nomination is essential to help yours stand out from the thousands we receive. Here are some suggestions we hope will help you in crafting your nomination for consideration.
• Think about what makes your hero special. Ask yourself: What makes my nominee unique? What specific accomplishment has he or she achieved that is truly remarkable? What impact has his or her work had on others? We encourage you to watch videos of previous CNN Heroes to familiarize yourself with the achievements of the inspiring individuals we honor as everyday people changing the world.
• Take a look at our nomination form. We suggest you review the information requested about yourself, your nominee and his or her work before filling out your submission.
• Tell us about your hero. Take your time and write from the heart. Remember: What you share — in your own words — is the most important factor in advancing a nomination for further consideration. You can enter your answers to the essay questions directly on the form, or write them first in a word-processing document and cut and paste them into each answer field. Please note the information you provide will be used in accordance with our privacy policy.
• Click Submit. If your nomination has been successfully transmitted, youll see a thank you message on your screen. If you provided us with your e-mail address, well also send a confirmation your nomination has been received. And yes, we read each and every one.
Thats it. Nominations for 2014 CNN Heroes remain open through August 31, 2014.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Who is eligible to be considered as a CNN Hero

A: Nominations must be in the name of a single individual, at least 13 years of age, whose accomplishment occurred (or continued) after November 1, 2013. Groups and organizations are ineligible for consideration. Self-nominations will not be accepted. Citizens of voided countries are also ineligible. For complete details on eligibility requirements and other rules governing selection of CNN Heroes, please read our legal disclosures.
Q: How will I know if my hero is selected?
A: Because of the high volume of nominations received, we cannot respond individually to each submission. However, if your nomination advances, we will contact you and your nominee through the contact information you provide.
Q: What if I dont know my nominees address, e-mail and telephone number?
A: Please make every effort to provide as much contact information as possible. We require either an e-mail address or telephone number so we may quickly contact your nominee to obtain permission for consideration as a CNN Hero.
Q: May I submit additional supportive information about my nominee?
A: Theres space at the end of the form to provide links to articles or websites with more information about your hero. Please do not send additional material unless requested.
Q: May I mail or fax my nomination?
A: No. All nominations must be submitted online through our website.
Q: What if my nomination form is rejected?
A: When filling out your form, please note that certain information is required. Those fields are marked with an asterisk (*). If you are not certain of your heros nationality, select Other from the country drop-down menu. Likewise, if youre unsure which category his or her cause belongs in, just click Other.
CNN is not responsible for technical problems that may prevent your submission from being successfully transmitted. You may wish to first write and save the answers to essay questions in a word-processing document. That way, if you need to resubmit your nomination, you can cut and paste those answers into the form without rewriting them.
Q: Can I buy tickets to CNN Heroes: An All-Star Tribute?

A: Unfortunately, seating is limited and by invitation only. Air dates and times for the global broadcast of CNN Heroes: An All-Star Tribute will be announced in October.
Have other questions or comments about CNN Heroes? Contact us.